Hand and Wrist
Jammed finger is a sprain of the ligaments or joint capsule of the inter-phalangeal joint (knuckle).
A jammed finger is typically caused from being hit directly on the tip of the finger with an object. Symptoms include pain, swelling and discoloration.
Gamekeepers thumb is a sprain or tear to the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb.
The ulna collateral ligament is a band of tissue attached to the joint at the bottom of the thumb where the thumb connects to the palm of the hand.
This injury typically occurs as a result of falling on your hand with an outstretched thumb. Also called skiers thumb, it is generally called "gamekeeper's thumb" because Scottish gamekeepers commonly injured their thumbs as a result of their job.
Scaphoid fracture is a fracture to the scaphoid bone, one of eight small bones in the wrist that allow complex hand movements.
Also known as the navicular bone, it is typically injured after falling on an outstretched hand where the wrist is forced into extension.
Due to a poor blood supply it is imperative to get immediate treatment for proper healing of a scaphoid fracture.
TFCC tear (triangular fibrocartilage complex tear)
TFCC tear is an injury to the triangular fibrocartilage disc, dorsal and palmar radioulnar ligaments, the meniscus homologue, and sheath of the extensor carpi ulnaris.
It is typically caused from a fall on an outstretched hand while the wrist is extended and rotated.
Ganglion cyst is a benign tumor or fluid sac that typically builds up on the back of the wrist.
Although they can vary in size and generally cause no symptoms, they can in some cases cause pain, decreased motion and muscle weakness.
Wrist tendonitis, also called tenosynovitis, it is a common condition marked by irritation and inflammation of the tendons surrounding the wrist joint.
This is an overuse injury that typically results from a repetitive stress and affects one or more or the wrist tendons.
It often occurs at points where the tendons cross each other or pass over a bony structure.
Neuritis refers to an inflammation of the nerves, involving a single nerve or a series of nerves.
It is generally caused from a direct blow, bad bruise and severe muscle strain or ligament sprain.
Symptoms can include loss of sensation, numbness, tingling, burning and, in severe cases, paralysis of nearby muscles.
Little League elbow
Little League elbow typically occurs in young baseball pitchers before puberty.
When this injury occurs, the ligament attached to the inner side of the elbow begins to pull one of the growth plates away from the rest of the bone.
Because the bones are still growing, the growth plates are weak and susceptible to injury.
Causes of Little League elbow include:
- Throwing too hard and too often
- Throwing too many curves or sliders at a young age
- An increase in the number of pitches thrown or changing to a league where the pitcher's mound is farther away from home plate or the mound is elevated
Bursitis is the inflammation of a small fluid sac called a bursa due to repeated trauma or a repetitive stress.
A bursa's primary job is to provide a cushion between joints and decrease friction between moving parts of the body.
Common symptoms of bursitis are:
- Dull ache or stiffness in the affected area
- Increased pain with movement
- Tenderness, swelling, redness and heat
Epicondylitis is inflammation of one or both epicondyles of the humerus bone at the elbow.
There are two types of epicondylitis:
- Medial epicondylitis also known as golfer's elbow; and
- Lateral epicondylitits also known as tennis elbow.
Epicondylitis is an overuse or repetitive stress injury which causes pain and inflammation of the elbow and in severe cases numbness and muscle weakness.