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Voice Disorders

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Causes of voice problems may include upper respiratory infections, acid reflux, vocal misuse or abuse, excessive voice use, vocal nodules, laryngeal cancer and neuromuscular diseases.

Symptoms may include:
  • Limitations in the ability to speak for extended periods of time

  • Inability to project the voice

  • Periods of voice loss

  • Hoarseness

  • Chronic dry or scratchy throat

  • Unpleasant pitch or tone


Anyone who experiences vocal change or hoarseness for more than two weeks should be examined by a physician, preferably an otolaryngologist.

Following an examination, the otolaryngologist may refer the individual to a speech-language pathologist (SLP).

The SLP will evaluate pitch, loudness and vocal quality and will assess vocal techniques.