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Risk Factors

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If you have been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease, you can control some risk factors to slow the progression of the disease and prevent or delay the development of kidney failure.

These risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and anemia.
 
There are also several risk factors you cannot control. These include:
  • Age: Many people begin to lose kidney function in their thirties. By age 80, most people have lost about 30 percent of their kidney mass.

  • Race: Both African Americans and Native Americans are more likely to develop chronic kidney disease.

  • Gender: Men have a higher risk for developing chronic kidney disease than women.

  • Family history: Family history is a factor in the development of both diabetes and high blood pressure; these are the major causes of chronic kidney disease.

    Polycystic kidney disease is one of several inherited diseases that cause kidney failure.