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Gynecological Cancer


Specialized cervical and gynecological cancer care is an interdisciplinary approach that includes radiation therapy and medical oncology treatment, complementary therapies, support and pain management/palliative care.

Gynecologic cancers affect a woman's reproductive organs including the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva.

Each year, about 82,000 women in the U.S. are diagnosed with cancer of the reproductive organs.

Risk Factors

There are various risk factors for different types of gynecologic cancers. Since every woman is different, talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

Risk factors for gynecological cancer include:
  • Post menopausal (over age 50)
  • Endometrial hyperplasia, a condition where the cells of the endometrium are abnormal
  • Cervical dysplasia, a condition where the cervical cells are abnormal
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • High blood sugar
  • Other cancers (color, rectal, breast)
  • Early age of first menstruation
  • Women who have never been pregnant
  • Hormone-related issues
  • Family history of breast or ovarian cancer

Women with the following symptoms, which are common for gynecological cancer, should consult their physician:
  • A change in bowel or bladder habits
  • A sore that does not heal
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Thickening or lump that either causes pain or can be seen in the pelvic area
  • Pain or pressure in the pelvic area